service tree leaf logo
Fungi recorded Association Medium Date
Clitopilus hobsonii Angiosperm fallen branch 2007
Gymnopilus penetrans Angiosperm litter 2007
Hypholoma fasciculare Angiosperm stump 2007
Hypholoma fasciculare Quercus stump 2007
Pluteus cervinus Angiosperm litter 2007
Pluteus cervinus Angiosperm litter 2007
Psathyrella candolleana Angiosperm litter 2007
Clavulina cinerea litter 2007
Daedaleopsis confragosa Corylus avellana fallen wood 2007
Datronia mollis Angiosperm fallen branch 2007
Fistulina hepatica Castanea sativa stump 2007
Hymenochaete rubiginosa Quercus stump 2007
Hymenochaete rubiginosa Quercus stump 2007
Hymenochaete rubiginosa Quercus stump 2007
Piptoporus betulinus Betula fallen tree 2007
Postia subcaesia Angiosperm fallen branch 2007
Rigidoporus ulmarius Ulmus bole 2007
Schizopora paradoxa Angiosperm fallen branch 2007
Schizopora paradoxa Quercus fallen branch 2007
Stereum hirsutum Corylus avellana fallen branch 2007
Stereum hirsutum Quercus cut logs 2007
Trametes versicolor Quercus cut logs 2007
Scleroderma verrucosum Quercus soil 2007
Kuehneola uredinis II.III Rubus fruticosus agg. fading leaves 2007
Puccinja arenariae III Silene dioica living leaf 2007
Puccinia caricina v.ribesii-pendulaeII.III Carex pendula living leaf 2007
Puccinia circaeae III Circaea lutetiana fallen branch 2007
Valsa sordida A Populus tremula bark 2007
Diatrype disciformis Angiosperm fallen branch 2007
Diatrype stigma Corylus avellana fallen branch 2007
Hormotheca robertiani Geranium robertianum living leaf 2007
Rhopographus filicinus A Pteridium aquilinum dead stem 2007
Erysiphe circaeae A Circaea lutetiana living leaf 2007
Erysiphe galeopsidis H Galeopsis tetrahit living leaf 2007
Erysiphe galeopsidis H Galeopsis tetrahit living leaf 2007
Erysiphe galeopsidis A Lamiastrum galeobdolon fallen branch 2007
Erysiphe heraclei H Heracleum sphondylium living leaf 2007
Microsphaera alphitoides H Quercus living leaves 2007
Microsphaera alphitoides H Quercus living leaves 2007
Chlorociboria aeruginascens A Angiosperm fallen branch 2007
Chlorociboria aeruginascens H Quercus fallen branch 2007
Cudoniella acicularis Angiosperm stump 2007
Encoelia furfuracea Corylus avellana ? 2007
Chaetosphaerella phaeostroma Corylus avellana fallen wood 2007
Hypoxylon fuscum Corylus avellana fallen wood 2007
Xanthoria parietina Sambucus nigra attached branch 2007
Stemonitis fusca Angiosperm dead twig 2007
Arcyria denudata Angiosperrn fallen branch 2007
Colletotrichum liliacearum Hyacinthoides non-scripta dead scape 2007
Cercospora mercurialis Mercurialis perennis living leaf 2007
Ramularia rubella Rumex obtusifolius living leaves 2007

Click a row to search Wikipedia for an entry on the species.

A much studied wood...

Down the years, Ast Wood has had official and unoffical surveys made of many things that live there, and had various studies and reports written about it. There have been ecological and economic surveys; gloomy post-war Forestry Commission assessments; maps of how large tracts of the wood could be obliterated and smoothed and shaped into grass golf course fairways; a late twentieth century overview of the present and future importance of the wood as it is, by a distinguished academic and author on ancient woodland; a twenty-first century 'rapid site identification' survey by a Herefordshire Council archaeologist. There is also a description of the wood on pages 181-3 of The Wild Woods by Peter Marren (David and Charles/NCC 1992).

collage of two moths Black Arches, Lymantria monacha; Riband Wave, Idaea aversata; birds nest fungi

June 1990 overview of Ast Wood, by Charles Watkins:

Ast Wood is one of the most important surviving areas of ancient semi-natural woodland in eastern Herefordshire. It is about 45 acres in size. Until the early seventies it was bigger, but 20 acres or so of the south western section of the wood were cleared and converted to agricultural land at that time. Most of the remaining woodland is surrounded by a distinct wood bank. This is of particular archaeological interest as many ancient woodlands in Herefordshire do not have distinct wood banks.

The wood is a remarkably attractive and diverse ancient woodland. There are many interesting trees including a very large number of wild service trees. This species of tree is one of the best indicators of ancient woodland. There are also some very large small leaved limes; huge old ash coppice stools; large alder stools along the brooks which rise in the wood; and also oak, yew, aspen, chestnut and cherry.

There is also a very good ground flora with expanses of bluebells and wild daffodils, wood anemone, dog's mercury and wood sorrel. There is a large population of herb paris, a key ancient woodland indicator species. Woodpeckers, both green and spotted are frequently heard and there is an excellent range of characteristic woodland birds such as tree-creepers, chiff-chaff and so forth.

Woodland management records on the nineteenth century show that the wood was regularly coppiced at from twelve to fourteen years' growth. At this time the wood was part of the Eastnor Estate and there is a fine collection of records relating to coppicing and woodland management. The poles were used as hop poles in the local hop yards.

The characteristics of the woodland flora, togther with the setting of the wood and its topography are strong evidence that Ast Wood is primary ancient woodland. Every effort should be made to protect it.

© Charles Watkins, author of Woodland Management and Conservation (David and Charles/NCC 1990); now Professor of Rural Geography, Nottingham University.


Welcome | History | Owners | Management | Wildlife | Trees | Surveys | Gallery | Products | Contact